January 02, 2015

The Uses Of Railways

The Uses Of Railways

English Essay on "The Uses Of Railways"

Railways are, perhaps the cheapest and safest means of travel and transports these days. Horses and horse carriages are not used any more for travelling to far-off places, and ships can travel only from one part to another, and not overland. It is true that aero planes and cars are faster than railways-trains, but it cannot be denied that they are also more dangerous and more costly.
Railways have contributed to the progress of nations in many ways perhaps the greatest service they have done to any country is that they have created a sense of unity among its various territories by enabling people to travel from place to place. Otherwise, these territories would still have existed as foreign lands within a country. Aero planes, cars, buses and ships also serve the same purpose, but, for the man in the street, travelling by train is the cheapest means of transport.
Famines and droughts caused untold sufferings to people before the railways trains became common. Enough food or water could not be carried to or from places situated far away from a particular point. But now a few trips by a goods train loaded with foodstuffs can easily bring the calamity of famine under control. Thanks to the railways, few people now die through lack of food. Which other people, at some distance form them, have in abundance. The history of various nations particularly that of vast countries, tells that in the past, they were daily faced with rebellions in one part or another.

Libraries

Libraries

English Essay on "Libraries"

Libraries have existed for many centuries. Perhaps, the earliest know library was a collection of clay tablets in Babylonia in the first century B.C. Even when paper had been invented libraries consisted of hand written books. Such books were rare and too costly to be lent to the public only a few chosen scholars had access to them. It was only when the printing press had been invented that libraries became really widespread and useful.
Nowadays one can find libraries everywhere -in schools and colleges, in towns and even in small villages. Many countries have visiting libraries-libraries on wheels, which go from place to place lending collecting books. Many private homes have well stocked libraries.
With the spread of education and the consequent advancement of science and arts, many more people want to read books now than ever before. But there are so many useful books now that even a multi-millionaire cannot think of buying and storing all of them. Besides, it would be a waste of money to buy them. Many books are to be read only once or twice, or only partially why buy them for all times to come Libraries solve this problem of spending and saving on books.
Libraries, being, supported by public funds, can afford to have a stock of as many volumes as the reading public may require. By paying a small monthly, quarterly, or yearly subscription, one may have access to books of all kinds and sizes.

The Uses Of Rivers

The Uses Of Rivers

English Essay on "The Uses Of Rivers"

All old civilizations were river-valley civilizations. In ancient times, life was possible only by the riverside. Rivers supplied our ancestors with food in the form of fish. They supplied both their cattle and themselves with water, for drinking and for keeping their bodies cool and clean. Crops could be grown easily in the soil near a river and, in the case of drought, could be easily water, too. The rivers formed the most important means of travel and transport at a time when where were jungles and forests everywhere. A visit to any ancient town in the world will show that a river runs across or beside it. London is on the Thames the Tiber passes through Rome, while the Jumma passes by Delhi.
Advances of technology in recent centuries have decreased man's dependence on rives. Now wells can be bored for drinking water and even for the irrigation of fields. Large cities no longer obtain their supplies of water only from the rivers passing through or beside them. Hygienically disinfected water from the water works in now supplied to citizens. Roads, railways, and airways have taken over from the river as means of travel and transport.
Yet, rivers have lost little of their ancient importance. Usually, one river or another supplies water to a reservoir from which a town or city gets its water supply. Were the rivers to dry up, the supply of water to various towns would be diminished or stopped altogether. Irrigation of farms still depends on rivers which supply water to various canals dug for the purpose.

History

History

English Essay on "History"

History is the Story of past. When we wish to determine the character or capability of a person, we have to look into the past achievement of that person. His future potentialities can be determined only in the light of what he has done in the past similarly, by studying the history of a nation. We can determine that it may achieve in the future. History is, thus, an index to a nation's future possibilities just as it is a mirror to its past achievement.
When we read of the sacrifices that our ancestors made in the service of our nation, we feel proud of them. At The same time, we are encouraged to follow their noble examples and try to become true patriots like them. When we read 'of what some traitors did against the interests of their, own countries, we are filled with hate for them and make up our minds never to let down our country as they let down theirs.
Past success and failure of nations have} a lot to teach the student of history. Causes of failure in the past may well lead to failure now. From the experience of our ancestors, we can learn to remove such causes. For example, after reading what ultimately happened to Napoleon, Hitler, and Mussolini or Tojo, the governments of various countries might resolve to avoid aggression, for aggression has never paid off.

The Uses Of Forests

The Uses Of Forests

English Essay on "The Uses Of Forests"

Forests are great treasures of nature. The most obvious use of forests is that they supply man with all kinds of wood. Forests were, perhaps, the earliest abode of man. They supplied him with fuel, protection against heat, rain, and snow, and food in the shape of wild fruits and flesh of wild animals. A cursory look about us will convince us of the part that forests, even now, play in daily life of man. Various articles of furniture, doors, windows, and even walls of houses, matchsticks, and paper are only some of the things we make from the wood, which comes from forests.
Thick forests abound in wild animals. Hunters go into them hunting or trapping lions, tigers, leopards, elephants, and many other animals. Many of these animals can be tamed and put into the service of man while others are killed for their flesh, fat or skins.
All types of herbs and plants grow wild in forests. Many of these are of great value in the manufacture of countless medicines. You have only to visit a Chinese medicine shop in your town to find out how much we depend upon the forests for our supply of medicines.
Another use of forests is that they bring rain and improve the climate. But perhaps, their greatest use is that they prevent floods from carrying away the precious soil. Imagine the heavy tropical rain falling on the bare hills or mountains of Malaysia. After a few hours' rain, water would be running down the slopes at a terrific speed, the current getting stronger every moment. Heavy floods, thus caused, would wash away every Kampong and town along with all men and animals living in them.

Geography

Geography

English Essay on "Geography"

According to old mythologies and superstitions, the sun travelled during the day and rested at night. One story said that the eclipse of the moon was the result of beating she received from an angry moneylender whose debt she had failed to settle. According to another belief, the earth rested on one horn of a huge bull. Whenever he was tired, he shifted it to the other horn. This caused earthquakes. But with the advancement of geography, it has become possible to explain these and various allied phenomena scientifically. Vague theories and unfounded superstitions have therefore disappeared.
If one travels to a foreign country, one cannot properly equip oneself for the journey unless one knows that clothes one will need, what food will be provided and what language one will speak. If one has studied geography, one will not find it difficult to provide oneself adequately for the journey.
In trade, a comprehensive knowledge of commercial geography is essential. A merchant must know in which countries a certain commodity. is available, and where he can buy it most cheaply or quickly. Again, if a trader wants to export any goods, he must know which countries need them most.
If one does not know one, country thoroughly, one cannot love it sufficiently there is no love without knowing the object of one's love and appreciating its qualities. So the people who want to create the spirit of patriotism and national pride among the youth of a nation should give them a thorough knowledge of its geography through expeditions, holiday travel, and documentary films.

Early Rising

Early Rising

English Essay on "Early Rising"

Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. Who has not heard of his famous saying Early rising definitely makes a man healthy, and so does the habit of going early to bed. Given health and fair share of luck, a man may become wealthy. But, perhaps, it is more appropriate to say that a wise man goes to bed and rises early than to say that rising or sleeping early makes a man wise.
In Pakistan and other sub-tropical and Sub tropical countries, the sun shines very brightly all the day. It becomes as hot as the day advances that one finds it more and more difficult to do any kind of work, physical or intellectual, with any degree of efficiency. The laborer sweat profusely, and the heat of the sun tires him more than his work does. The student feels sleep and cannot do the problems before him. The athlete cannot train as much as he would like to, for the simple reason that it is 'too hot'. We know very well that lessons given in the morning are better learnt and longer remembered than those given in the afternoon. Is it not, then, advisable for all of us to rise from our beds early and go about our respective business as early as possible rather than wait for the day to become intolerably hot.

Rice

Rice

English Essay on "Rice"

Rice, like wheat, barley, rye and oats, is a cultivated grass. But, unlike them, it is a tropical plant. In the sub tropical regions, it can only be grown in summer. It forms the staple food in Burma, Thailand, indo China, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Japan and in large areas of china, India and Pakistan.
There are many varieties of rice, most of which are known and grown in very small areas. Two crops of rice a year are possible in many countries, but in the sub-tropical countries like Pakistan it grows only as a summer crop. It requires a temperature ranging from 75 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, from the time when it is harvested.
In almost all rice-growing countries of Asia, rice if first sown in nurseries. When the plants are about 6 inches high, they are transplanted into fields which have been ploughed under water. For the first few weeks of its life the plant must stand in water. As it grows higher, it needs less and less water. By the time the grain is ripe, the fields are dry. Rice is then reaped and thrashed by hand. But in the United States of America, rice is sown like wheat, and the fields are kept wet until germination. After that they are flooded.