March 22, 2014

Nuclear Non-Proliferation

Essay : Nuclear Non-Proliferation

English Essay on "Nuclear Non-Proliferation"

Nuclear Non-Proliferation

Nuclear weapons proliferation has emerged as one of the major global concerns over the last few decades. It has resulted from the circumstances which depict that several other states. A part from the confirmed nuclear power had devised or at least has reached at a point where they are just one screw turn away from having an actual nuclear bomb;
Humanitarian concern argues that acquisition of nuclear weapon is a Domiciles sword on the existence of this world. The devastation that the two world Wars have done is enough to ruin the world and in any case if third world .war took place it would turn this world into a small comets floating in the space with no human inhabitation
The concern regarding international power politics is related to the So called nuclear and developed states. They have their own international designs to fulfill. If all the states acquired nuclear bomb, it would obviously undermine their status as super power. Secondly they also assert that some of the states pursuing nuclear proliferation lie in troubled region, surrounded by hostile nations, any conflict among such states would give rise to nuclear war which could become a pretext of third world war.
Regional politics has also done a lot of harm to the developmental process of such nuclear-pursuant states. One such example is India and Pakistan. Both countries are developing nations and they' are spending considerable amount of national wealth on the acquisition of nuclear devices, instead of utilizing that money for the eliminations of poverty and unemployment.
The super powers in the cold-war era exerted considerable pressure on the state perusing nuclear weaponry programmed to stop or roll back their efforts coupled with the promises of economic aid and considerable amount of help in perusing nuclear program of civil nature i.e. to enhance the energy producing nuclear plants.
Since then over 150 states acceded to the treaty and ratified the agreements.( The NPT expressly stated that nothing in this treaty shall be interpreted as affecting the inalienable right of nuclear development for peaceful purposes.
For first ten to fifteen years this system proved effective with the monitoring capability (granted through the treaty) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
Few states like Brazil and India refused to sign the treaty. They criticized the concept of haves and have-nots in the nuclear proliferation arena. They considered it discriminatory and subjugate efforts on the part of the then super powers, United States and Soviet Union to create a perpetual dominance of these countries on the third world countries.
Nevertheless, considerable number of countries adopted nuclear non-proliferation in the best interest of humanity and their country.( But few state, even after ratifying the nuclear proliferation treaty secretly pursued their nuclear program, among such countries were Iraq and North Korea and in addition there remained three major hold outs of the NPT namely India, Pakistan, Israel.
These countries are yet to give any indication to submit to the pressure of United Sates and then developed nations to enter into the domain of nuclear weaponry states. Within the last few years the world has witnessed a culminating danger of nuclear warfare in. the Gulf war crisis and another emerging threat in the Korean peninsula with periodic threats from South Asia region.

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